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About Tunisia

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History

With an eye to Italy, its roots are deep in the Sahara; Tunisia is naturally the bridge between Europe and Africa, between the East and the West.

High place since antiquity of the greatest civilizations, its trade and its conquests, it was the center of the empire of Carthage, Hannibal's homeland, and some popular traditions thereof perpetuate the distant legacy.

It was one of the most brilliant Roman provinces of which impressive ruins and stunning mosaics still exist to date.

It is dotted with historical monuments such as prominent ribats, or the Great Mosque of Kairouan and Tunis reflecting the early centuries of Arab Islamic civilization.

Then for a long time as a province of the Ottoman Empire, Tunisia received Turkish influences. Over time, Andalusians, Sephardic Jews, Italians, Maltese found there a new home and enriched the Tunisian culture with all facets of the Mediterranean.

The year 2011 was marked by the January 14th Revolution in Tunisia and its impact on the Arab world. On October 23rd, 2011, Tunisia had its first democratic elections since independence. The election of the Constituent Assembly has allowed the country moving to a transition phase.

The reforms accelerate since the Revolution, from the administration to regional development, through the freedom of the press and youth employment.

In December 2014, the transition period is completed and Tunisians have successfully elected their Chamber of Deputies and their President for the first time in their history. A democratic and transparent vote accredited and commended by the international community will allow the country to consolidate the reforms already started.

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A Business - friendly Environment

In addition to the competitive production costs, significant investment incentives are granted to foreign investors such as freedom of investment in most sectors and the freedom to repatriate profits and proceeds from sale of capital invested in foreign currencies.

Foreign investors can obtain investment allowance of 15 % of the project cost capped at 1 M TND under the schemes of priority areas and economic sectors.

Tunisia is ranked 77th out of 190 countries on "The Ease of Doing Business 2017".

Tunisia is indeed the 1st North African Country:

  • Respecting FDI Attractiveness (Global Opportunity Index 2015, Milken Institute)
  • Having a performing Entrepreneurship Ecosystem (Global Entrepreneurship Index 2017, GEDI)
  • Having a Competitive Industrial Performance (Competitive Industrial Performance Index 2016, UNIDO)
  • Attracting talented people (Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2017, INSEAD)
  • Achieving Innovation (Bloomberg Innovation Index 2017, Bloomberg)
  • Developing ICT (Measuring the Information Society Report, 2016)

A Geographical Position Favoring Investment

Located on the southern shore of the Mediterranean and in northern Africa, Tunisia enjoys a strategic geographical position which makes the country a junction point between the Arab world, Africa and Europe. Within less than three hours flight time from major European cities and the Middle East, Tunisia is entirely located on the GMT + 1 time zone.

An Open and Modern Society

Tunisia offers pleasant living conditions thanks to its historical treasures, the diversity of leisure venues and high quality infrastructure (shopping centers, cultural centers, medical services).

The education system encourages learning foreign languages and civilizations.

In addition, the Tunisian League of Human Rights, created in 1976, was the first national organization of human rights in the Arab world. Tunisia was also the first Arab country to ban polygamy and to achieve equality between men and women in promulgating the Code on Personal Status in 1956.

A Pool of Talent

In 2016, the Tunisian population was estimated at 11.299 4 million inhabitants.

The Capital -the Greater Tunis- hosts about 3 million inhabitants. The educational system is compulsory and free up to the age of 16. The school enrollment rate is of 99% between 6 and 11 years. Today, one Tunisian out of four is enrolled in a general education section or a vocational training scheme. The country provides the labor market with profiles having various qualifications: about 10,000 engineers are active.

A High Quality Hosting Infrastructure

The country has a road network of 20,000 km of roads, 3 highways extending over 500 km, a highway project between Sfax and Tripoli is in progress, nine international airports, seven commercial ports, a light rail system and bus lines, a rail network of 2,167 km, which covers the entire territory.

The country has 25 power plants spread over the whole territory. In addition, it is crossed by a transcontinental gas pipeline linking Algeria to Italy.

Transport

 Airports

  • Nine international airports link Tunisia to Europe, to Africa and to the Middle East. These airports are: Tunis Carthage, Enfidha, Monastir, Sfax, Djerba, Tabarka, Gafsa, Gabès and Tozeur, served by numerous international airlines and charter companies. Domestic flights are provided by a national company.
 Metro

  • In Tunis, a surface metro line serves the city center and the suburbs. It is better to avoid busses at peak hours as they are often overcrowded. The busses also cover the intercity connections under quite comfortable conditions. ( TRANSTU )
 Train

  • The train is currently being modernized and represents a safe a cheap means of transport. Air conditioned trains serve the main towns of the country starting from Tunis, the capital. ( SNCFT )
  Taxi

  • Yellow taxis are equipped with a meter. It is a fairly cheap means of transport.

A Significant Natural Potential

Tunisia has a large number of land and offshore of phosphate, zinc, lead and oil major deposits, mainly concentrated in the south. Tunisia also has the world's largest phosphate deposits in the region of Gafsa in the southwest of the country.

Climate

The climate is Mediterranean in the North and on East coasts, semi-arid in inland areas and in the South. Tunisia enjoys sunshine almost all year round. The winters are cool and moist in the north, mild and dry in the south.

The average temperature is 16°. Summer is pleasant on the coast with the sea breeze, hot and dry in the other regions. The average temperature is 31°. Peaks beyond 40° are not excluded in the great south. In spring and autumn, temperature values are around 25°.

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